7 Fun Facts about Lord Baden Powell - biography sketch

influent portrait explained

1. B P stands for Baden Powell and Be Prepared !

     Lord Baden Powell is well known for beeing the founder of for the Scout movement, he is better known by his initials B.P which  are also used in the Scout motto "Be Prepared !".

    lors baden powell be prepared

    Here is a biographical drawing of  BP with plenty of fun facts to discover his life and how he got the idea of scouting. The print of the portrait can be found here for making a great gift to someone you like !

     

     

    2. A scouting Family


    baden powell family paddington london uk

    Baden Powell grew up in Paddington (near London) in a large family with brothers and sisters. His dad died when he was . His mother, Henrietta Grace Smyth was strong woman. She wanted all her children to succeed :

    • Older brother Warington Powell help in the founding of Sea scouting.
    • Younger sister Agnes Smyth Baden-Powell establishing the Girl Guide Movement
    • Younger brother Baden Baden-Powell brought flying-based activities into Scouting.

    Robert played music, was an artist and spent his holidays with siblings on camping,explorations and canoeing.

    baden powell canoeing camping exploration with brothers

    He learned his first scouting skills and was more interrested into hunting rabbits, and avoiding teachers at the prestigious "Charter House".

    baden powell hiding stalking at charter house school

     

     

     

    3. BP Joined the Army

    As he spent most of his time exploring the woods behind school compare to the time studying in school, he wasn't accepted at University. In 1876 Baden-Powell joined the British Army and a Cavalry Regiment.

    bp joined the british army cavalry regiment 13rd hussard

    Sent in British colonies, he spent his time henancing his military scouting skills. He was particularily amazed by the Zulu scouts in South Africa.

    zulu scouts in south afrika inspired baden powell

    As the scouts had to explore and survive, he met the American scout Mr Russell Burnham, specialist in Woodcrafting and surviving technics. He also got the idea of the very usefull campaign hat and the practical use of neckerchief.

    baden-powell-russell burnham surviving specialist and woodcrafting

     

    4. Mafeking, the first experiment

    Baden-Powell was engaged in South Africa in military actions and asked to maintain a mobile mounted force on the frontier with the Boer (dutch colons), he amassed stores and a garrison at Mafeking.

    mafeking siege and boer war baden powell

    Mafeking siege started when the city was was surrounded by a Boer army of 8,000 men. The garrison held out 217 days in part thanks to cunning deceptions and strategy tricks many devised by Baden-Powell : Fake minefields and non-existent barbed wire.

    mafeking cadet corp lord baden powell boy scout

    The Mafeking Cadet Corps boys stood guard, carried messages, assisted in hospitals, helping to setting up fake weapons.freeing grown men to fight.

    aids to scouting book by lord baden powell

    BP was really impressed with both their courage and the how they performed well their tasks. They are the subject of the first chapter of his book "Scouting for Boys".

     

     

     

    5. Scouting for young boys in U.K

    Back in U.K, the military training manual "Aids to Scouting" had become a best-seller, used by teachers and youth organisations. B P think about going further and re-write "Aids to Scouting" for a youth readership.

    baden powell bp left army and is back in uk

    Time to make some practice, he start enrolling young lads of poor suburbs of London : Join scouting !

    baden powell promote scouting in poor ares of london young boys

     

     

     

    6. First camp on Brownsea Island and the Kudu horn

    In summer 1907 he held the first scout camp on Brownsea Island to test out his ideas about scouting. Twenty boys attended the camp in the Dorset Island.

    baden powell first camp on brownsea island 1907

    He didnt forgot to take his Kudu Horn to celebrate this first event.

     baden powell blowing his kudu horn for first scout camp on brownsea

     

    7. Worldwide scout Movement : Unity and Fraternity

    Boys and girls spontaneously formed Scout troops and the Scouting Movement had inadvertently started, first as a national, and soon an international phenomenon. BP sister helped a lot for the guide movement, he was also assisted by his wife Olave and other brothers to make it big.

    baden powell and olave chief and guide of the worls scout

    Baden-Powell was acclaimed Chief Scout of the World and also Baronet by George the fifth in 1921. He took the name Baron Baden Powell of Gilwell, a place in the County of Esse that became a national places dedicated for scouts.

    baden powell and gilwell park

     He left many symbols to the world : the scouting symbol first wich is composed of a Fleur de Lys, used in former rose compass to indicate the North. The rope is the symbol of unity.

    scout symbol fleur de lys and rope

    Baden-Powell died on 8 January 1941, and is buried in Kenya. His gravestone bears a circle with a dot in the centre, which is the trail sign for "Going home".

    Baden-Powell died on 8 January 1941, and is buried at St Peter's Cemetery in Nyeri.[57] Lord Erroll, of the Happy Valley set, was in his funeral procession,[58] just prior to being murdered, on 24 January 1941.[59] His gravestone bears a circle with a dot in the centre "ʘ", which is the trail sign for "Going home", or "I have gone home".

     

    He aslso left for us the very significant Scout sign, composed of the three promises of the Scout

     

    • Duty to God and country
    • Duty to other people
    • Duty to self.

    The joined thumb and little fingers joined together represent the unity of the Scouting movement and usually the brotherhood and chivalry : the strong protects the weak.

    scout salute sign signification three fingers

     

     

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